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China's agricultural machinery industry for 30 years: standing on the threshold of the world's largest agricultural machinery producer

Time:2018/2/3 9:52:34Access:

30 years of reform and opening up is the history of China's agricultural machinery industry transforming its management mechanism to promote the rapid development of enterprises and steadily marching into the market. It is also a historical portrayal of the innovation of agricultural machinery industry, the introduction of advanced technologies and the enhancement of the core competitiveness of enterprises. Agricultural machinery industry scale, on the grade, optimize the product structure and capital structure, from quantitative change to qualitative change, from the agricultural production of weak countries to become the world's agricultural production power of the historic leap.


First, the rapid development of agricultural machinery industry 30 years


1, the total agricultural machinery industry to achieve a historic leap. In 1977, China's agricultural industrial output value of 5.422 billion yuan, by 2005 exceeded 100 billion yuan mark, reaching 108.725 billion yuan in 2007 to 151.751 billion yuan, an increase of 27 times in 30 years; in 1977, China National Agricultural Machinery Industry Assets (original value) was 7.52 billion yuan, more than 347.14 billion yuan in 2006, nearly 30 times the growth of nearly four times. In the past 30 years, China's agricultural machinery industry has outlined a clear context of a periodical and leapfrog development.


Constantly adjust the product mix, continue to meet the needs of China's agricultural economic development. Before the reform and opening up, China's agricultural machinery products mainly to meet the tractor station, state-owned farms (land reclamation) collective farming needs, products to large-based. After the reform and opening up, due to the implementation of the household contract responsibility system, the agricultural production mode has undergone major changes. China's agricultural machinery industry has actively adjusted its product mix. A number of small-scale farm machinery products suitable for agricultural production gradually took the dominant position in the market: Small-scale small-scale farm machinery and equipment; small tractors and walking tractors suitable for small-scale cultivation; suitable for a variety of feed processing, livestock breeding and agricultural processing machinery; agricultural transport vehicles suitable for rural transport. In the 21st century, as the Central Government implemented a series of policies that continue to benefit the "three rural areas", agriculture has developed and the incomes of peasants have increased. Coupled with the acceleration of urbanization in our country, the lack of rural laborers has given birth to the mode of land-scale management Development and further adjustment of agricultural machinery industry product structure, a number of high-tech, comprehensive performance of large agricultural machinery products to accelerate the growth rate has become a new round of driving our country's agricultural industrial economic growth engine.


In each stage of 30 years of development, the agricultural machinery industry nurtured the corresponding hot agricultural machinery products, effectively stimulating the economic growth of China's agricultural machinery industry, becoming the basic characteristics of different stages of development of agricultural machinery industry.


Since the early 1980s, agricultural vehicles have started and gained rapid development. Due to the thorough consideration of the conditions of rural roads at that time and the purchasing power of farmers, the agricultural transport vehicles developed rapidly. By the year 1999, the output reached a historical peak of 3.2 million (of which: 2.679 million tricycles and 521,000 four-wheelers) and a number of well-known enterprises such as Shi Feng Group, Beiqi Futian and Wuzheng Group emerged. The ups and downs of the development of agricultural transport vehicles for agricultural machinery industry has left an important product development experience. Affected by the development of small farm machinery and agricultural vehicles, single-cylinder diesel engines have developed rapidly. By 1995, single cylinder production reached 600 million units, basically stable after 6 million to 700 million units, becoming the world's true single cylinder diesel engine manufacturing power.


Combine harvesters sprung up in the mid-1990s. After a decade of technical breakthroughs, the "Xinjiang-2" combine harvester began to mature and was quickly swept the country under the influence of cross-regional operations. As a result, a surge of production and sales of harvested machinery was seen. "Xinjiang-2" not only made a historic contribution to the mechanization of wheat harvesting in our country, but also laid the technical foundation for the harvesting machinery industry in our country.


Large and medium-sized tractors and farm machinery after entering the 21st century showed a strong momentum of development. Efficient large and medium-sized tractors and agricultural machinery to meet the needs of large-scale modern agricultural production management needs, since 2003, large and medium-sized tractor output increased year by year, the market demand, showing strong momentum of development. 58,000 in 2003, 98,000 in 2004, 197,800 in 2006 and 201,300 in 2007.