"The main high-end, improve the grade, narrow the gap with the price of similar foreign products, not only the development goals of small diesel engine industry is also a breakthrough from the transformation and upgrading into a virtuous development space." Not long ago in Xuzhou, China Internal Combustion Engine Industry Association Long meeting, single-cylinder diesel engine and multi-cylinder small diesel two branch secretary Shao Ren En said.
The smaller the power the more difficult the standard
With the release of national emission and noise regulations, energy saving and material saving industry policies, and the standardized and scientific development of regulation, small diesel engine manufacturers in China must complete the tasks of noise and emission discharge to meet current standards and regulations.
Shao Rennun said energy-saving targets compliance difficult, multi-cylinder machine standard machine level is acceptable, high-power, large cylinder diameter cylinder machine level can be, however, small power small cylinder single cylinder machine there is still a lot of work to be done, Coupled with the implementation pressure of a higher emission legislation, enterprises are far from ready.
During the "11th Five-Year Plan" period, a series of new standards-certified products have become the main content of product upgrading, guarantee of production consistency, short-term status of supply chain, price and standard of diesel engines, configuration and labor costs Inconsistency is the biggest concern for product upgrades.
Single-cylinder diesel engine in 2010 a variety of changes in the structure. The total volume of S series horizontal water-cooled models decreased from 4.22 million units and 4.17 million units to 4.19 million units and 4.15 million units respectively, accounting for 51.3% and 51.3% of the total, down from 56.9% and 56.9% respectively.
The total volume of S series in 2006 was the highest in history of 5.3 million units (in 2005 to 5.24 million units in 2007 to 5.18 million units); S Series S1100, S1105, S1115, S1115, S1120 decreased year on year; large bore S1125, S1130, S1135 general trend in 2008, down from the same period in 2007 rose not fall, in 2009 down in 2010 and higher, it can be said that the demand for small four-wheel tractors and three-wheeled vehicles is still the external adjustment.
At the same time, R series water-cooled horizontal plane is still one of the two mainstream products of single-cylinder diesel engine in China. In 2009, the S-series recovers from the restorable market. However, its total volume has not exceeded the record high of 2.42 million in 2007 to 221 Tens of thousands of production and marketing closed, unchanged from 2.21 million units in 2006 (2.04 million units in 2005). In 2010, the various models in the overall Chonggou trend, R series totaled 2.63 million units, set a record. 165,175,185,190,192,195 showed a growing trend, 170,180 is basically the same.
Air-cooled low-power single-cylinder diesel engine is a single cylinder diesel production and sales all the way higher varieties, in 2005 530,000 units in 2006 450,000 units in 2007 490,000 units in 2008 730,000 units in 2009 970,000 units in 2010 reached 1.28 million units, representing a slight fluctuation in the total share, but only 5.3% in 2004, 6.8% in 2005, 11.35% in 2008, 13.8% in 2009 and 15.7% in 2010 (all based on the mean of production and sales) Lombardy Company, Germany Hartz Company, Japan Kubota Company and Yanmar Company in foreign countries all take the vertical air-cooled machine as the mainstream products of single-cylinder diesel engine. The variety structure of single-cylinder diesel engine in China is moving towards the non-S-series share and The total increase, especially the vertical air-cooled wind turbine share and the total increase in the road ahead. 2010 vertical 170F production 21562 Taiwan, 21,502 units; vertical 178F 259417 units, pin 254353 units; vertical 186F 288881 units, 289591 units; vertical 190 production 15648 units, pin 15648 units; 195 vertical 12100 units and 12000 units in sales; 19412 units in vertical 1100 units and 19425 units in sales; 20868 units in 1105 units and 20800 units in sales; 637888 units in total and 633319 units in total, accounting for 7.81% of the total and 7.80% %.
A new generation of diesel engine development is imperative
Regarding the development environment and competitive strategy of the single-cylinder diesel engine and the multi-cylinder small diesel engine industry during the 12th Five-Year Plan, Shao Rennun pointed out the following points.
China's national economy is still in the process of industrial transformation. Some structural contradictions and problems restricting the development of the industry are far from resolved. The cost of raw materials, fuel power and labor costs have risen. As a socialized, specialized and generalized supporting enterprise supported by the industry, The continual expansion of the ranks and the difficulty of organizing them with attachments have become the limiting factors for the development of this year.
"Automobile to the countryside," "trade-in", "acquisition tax relief" and other policies to withdraw from the market, and large and medium-sized tractors have been subsidies for purchase of agricultural machinery "darling" over the past few years has become a huge possession of 1.61 million units in society Hold, some of the main sales there has been a gradual saturation of demand. In the first half of 2010, the sales volume of large-sized tumblers dropped 20% ~ 23% from the same period of previous year, while that of mid-tumbler dropped 15% YoY. At present, the large round robin with more than 80hp has seen a decline and the market inflection point begins to appear. Products entering the subsidy catalog this year Adjusted so as to put forward the corresponding adjustment content, so this year's development standpoint is research and decision-making.
Analysis of the current small diesel engine products, fuel consumption indicators and similar foreign similar emissions targets lower than the United States regulations and European regulations are multi-cylinder machine, while the single cylinder machine is not low, the main difference in the corresponding parts and materials, heat treatment, dimensional accuracy , Resulting in a large gap between the reliability, grade gap, the price gap, can be described as penny goods.
After decades of industry ups and downs, the industry can not produce from the era of planned economy, supply shortages, the liberation of productive forces in the era of reform and opening up, and the rapid growth of output. At the end of the last century, a historic shift occurred with excess production capacity and oversupply. In the struggle of the market competition mechanism, the level of enterprise management has been raised and the cost of labor has also been raised. However, the price has gone up disproportionately and the profit margin of enterprises has dropped. For a long time, the overall size of China's small wood industry is not small, but the industry The overall profit share is extremely small, the price of the whole machine is very low compared with that of foreign countries, so that the "puberty" with good technical status is bitter and short and the positioning of low-value means of production restricts the appearance of "fashion", "lightweight" structure and volume The "compact."
Therefore, committed to innovation, increase the proprietary patented technology verification efforts to consolidate the special energy-saving emission reduction technology and additional configuration to hatch the basis of industrial applications, the depth of integration between the two will improve the machine and parts manufacturing accuracy, material and heat treatment system The project plan should be sound and fast, and it is also an effective way to solve the contradiction between time limits.
The transition of the national economy, the adjustment of industrial structure, the history of the formation of industrial and agricultural products scissors problem, the low price of small firewood products, "Twelve Five" is also difficult to completely solve the problem, so product innovation should grasp the principle of gradual progress, carry forward the heritage and Innovation activities and the development of standards and regulations should emphasize the main role of enterprises, grasp the reasonable and operability advance of scientific practices, and prevent cases of operational disengagement and legal difficulties.
Under the guideline of a series of livelihood policies from the Party and the government and driven by market demand, the direction of product mix adjustment was clear during the "11th Five-year Plan" period and the results were obvious. The energy saving and emission reduction technologies continued to evolve and their development potential continued to grow. During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, there will be protracted warfare of adjustment, transformation and upgrading. There are still some uncertainties when the national economy enters the post-crisis era. Constraints to investment, improve the quality of the contradictions, compliance of the system, the complexity of the construction of modern Xiao Chai industrial system are the difficulties. However, intensifying efforts to develop and put into operation a new generation of small diesel engines must step up efforts to gradually eliminate products that are difficult to meet the requirements of various laws, regulations and policies. The only way to go for innovation, upgrading and transformation must be taken. .